UngersWeb Computer Tips

Computer Tricks, Flash Drives / Operating Systems and more.

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Which Internet Browser to Use? Microsoft Internet Explorer ~ Mozilla Firefox ~ Google Chrome ~ Opera ~ Netscape ~ Safari
Help for Windows XP ~ Windows Vista ~ Windows 7~ Windows 8
Please let us know if you have any thought's, idea's or corrections. / Contact Us
Internet Lost Connection Favorites / Bookmarks Photo or RED X Google Google Call Phone  
Broswer Internet Explorer Firefox Chrome Opera Netscape Safari Which to use
Operating Systems Windows XP Windows Vista Windows 7 Windows 8

 

 
Informative Ten Tips To Learn Copy & Paste PC Terminology Handling Large Files Data Recovery Files & Documents
Open 2 Tabs in a Browser Filling out Forms  

 

 

Maintenance

Clean your Mouse Hard Drive Defragment Remove a Program    

Security

Child Proofing Shopping Online Scams & Trickery Avoid ID Theft Browse In Private  
Programs Sticky Notes Get Snippy MS Office or ? Office Programs  

Short Cuts

IE 9 Key Board Short Cuts Key Board Short Cuts Tool Bar Short Cuts Windows 7 Windows Key

Devices

Flash Drives Printers Thrifty Printing Mouse Tricks Camera's & Photos  

E-Mail

E-Mail & Netiquette E-Mail Groups Photo or RED X Win7-Windows Live Mail    
Hardware Buying a PC Mac vs PC      
            Legal Stuff

Have two or more tabs open when you start Internet Explorer

Open Internet Explorer Go to tools click Internet options In the General tab under home page Place the curser at the end of the current home page address Press enter and enter address for second tab Click apply and OK Restart IE and there it is a second tab.

2 tabs open

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It's hard to keep up, So Please let us know if you have any thought's, idea's, or corrections. Ungersweb
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Ten Quick Tips to Help You

1.To extend the window area of the IE, you can make it easy by pressing the F11 key. Then you press it again in order to return the IE to the normal window.
2. Sometimes you want to search a keyword in a long web page that you are surfing. How do you do ?? Just press Ctrl+F and place the keyword you want.
3. Using Backspace key in your keyboard instead of clicking Back in the IE window.
4. You can close your IE window that you are surfing by Ctrl+W.
5. To see the surfing websites history, Press F4 key to see the URL which you have typed.
6. Press Ctrl+D in order to save the URL which you are surfing. And the URL will be in the Favorites.
7. To send a web page to your friend. Do you know we can send it by e-mail from the I E's tools ? Let you try it, go to File > Send > Page by E-mail...
8.To slide the web page by using the keyboard, try it with the arrow keys. To slide it to the bottom and the top of the web page, try the End and Home key.
9. If you find a picture that you prefer it to be the desktop wallpaper, you can immediately set it, right click on the picture area and select the Set as wallpaper.
10. To slide the web page gradually, you may use the Page up, Page down and Spacebar keys.

Filling out Forms

Filling out forms faster, using your mouse less.

To move to the next field or box press Tab

To go back press Shift-Tab.To change tabs press Ctrl-Tab, or Ctrl-Page Down

To select an item in a drop-down menu press the down arrow key.
In a drop-down menu press the first letter of your choice to go to that letter
example when ask to choose a state pressing O will take you to the Os or Oklahoma.
Pressing O 3 time brings up Oregon. To select an item press the space bar.
To open a menu press Alt then use the arrow keys to navigate.
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Making Large Files Smaller

You know that large files will take longer to send and receive. To check how large a file is before you send it, right-click the file on your computer and click Properties. If the total of all the files you want to send is over 10 MB you will not be able to send them all at once in some E-Mail programs. (See E-mail Netiquette)

There are several ways to reduce the size of pictures and other files.
Picture Files

Probably the most common type of file attachment is picture files. Normal image files are called Bitmap files with the filename extension .bmp. These can take up a lot of file space, so to reduce this they are often compressed into smaller-sized file types which may loose a little quality, but are usually still good enough for most purposes. Most picture files on the Web or sent by e-mail are, .jpeg or .gif files.

To convert an image to one of these compressed file types, right-click a picture file and choose to Open With. and select Paint. Alternatively right-click the file and choose Edit to use your default graphics editing program.

In Paint, click File and Save As.. and in the Save As Type drop-down menu, select a file type such as JPEG. Give the picture file a name then click Save and the picture will be converted to this file type.

.jpeg file sizes can be many times smaller than typical .bmp files. If you right-click the new file you have saved and view Properties you should see a difference in file size compared to the original.

With pictures that are very tall and very wide, even .jpeg file sizes can be very large. The solution in this case is to resize the picture down to a reasonable size.

Open your original picture in Paint again and click on Image then Stretch/Skew. Now you can type in a percentage to stretch the file by. If you input a figure less than 100% you are actually squeezing rather than stretching, for example if you type 50% for horizontal and 50% for vertical then click OK, the picture will be squeezed to half of its original size.

This is a simple way of reducing a picture's physical size and therefore file size. Once you have squeezed the picture to the size you want, save it as a .jpeg as before and when you view the file's Properties again the file size should be much smaller.
Other Files

Other files such as Word documents (.doc files) will need to be compressed into .zip files with a program such as WinZip or ExtractNow.

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Avoid ID Theft

1. Keep your Social Security number Safe. It is the prime target of criminals.

2. Watch your credit report. It contains your SSN, present and prior employers, a listing of all account numbers, including those that have been closed, and your overall credit score. After applying for a loan, credit card, rental or anything else that requires a credit report, request that your SSN on the application be truncated or completely obliterated and your original credit report be shredded before your eyes or returned to you once a decision has been made. A lender or rental manager needs to retain only your name and credit score to justify a decision.

3. Shred all old bank and credit statements and "junk mail" credit card offers before trashing them. Use a crosscut shredder. Crosscut shredders cost more than regular shredders but are superior.

4. Remove your name from the marketing lists of the three credit reporting bureaus to reduce the number of pre-approved credit offers you receive.

5. Add your name to the name-deletion lists of the Direct Marketing Association's Mail Preference Service and Telephone Preference Service used by banks and other marketers.

6. Do not carry extra credit cards or other important identity documents except when needed.
7. Place the contents of your wallet on a photocopy machine. Copy both sides of your license and credit cards so you have all the account numbers, expiration dates and phone numbers if your wallet or purse is stolen.

8. Do not mail bill payments and checks from home. They can be stolen from your mailbox and washed clean in chemicals. Take them to the post office.

9. Do not print your Social Security number on your checks.

10. Order your Social Security Earnings and Benefits statement once a year to check for fraud.

11. Examine the charges on your credit card statements before paying them.

12. Cancel unused credit card accounts.

13. Never give your credit card number or personal information over the phone unless you have initiated the call and trust that business.

14. Subscribe to a credit report monitoring service that will notify you whenever someone applies for credit in your name.

WWW.FTC.GOV/IDTHEFT

Shopping Online

1. Reputable Companies: If you are not sure about a company, check online. Search the Internet to see what other Consumers have to say. Spending a few minutes to research a company will make your buying safer.

2. Privacy: Again, If you are using an unfamiliar online company (or any company) protect your Privacy. Go to their Web Site and read their Legal and Privacy Policies. You want to known if they share your information. If you do not find their Legal and Privacy Policies, Do Not Use Their Service. No Company (Merchant) should ever ask for your bank account or social security number.

3. Details: When shopping online, you should always check out the complete details of your purchase. For example, make sure you know all about delivery dates, shipping and handling costs, warranties, return policies, etc. It's also a good idea to get a company's contact information before you finalize your order. They should have a telephone number or e-mail address on their Web site that you can keep on hand in case you have any questions or problems once you receive your items.

4. Credit Card: This may not sound like the safest thing to do, but it really is a good way to keep you safe. If you do business with a liable credit card company, they will protect you if anything happens while you're making online purchases. Most credit card companies provide liability agreements, so if your card information is stolen, they will be able to put a hold on your card and issue you a brand new number. That way, whoever has your number is stopped from being able to use it. So, if you suspect any suspicious activity after you make an online purchase, call your credit card company right away and they'll be able to handle everything for you. Also, when credit card companies see unusual activity on your card, they will inform you about it.

When you're using your credit card online, make sure you look for the yellow padlock at the bottom of your Web browser or for the "https" in the URL. Those are two signs that a site is secure and that your credit card information will transmit safely.

5. Transaction Records: Keep good records of your purchases. Make sure to print out the receipt for your transactions or save it somewhere on your computer. Most companies send confirmation e-mails, your total price, shipping and handling fees and shipping dates.

6. Common Sense: Talk to friends, ask questions, search and check online.

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Using Your Flash Drive (Memory Stick / Thumb Drive)

Flash drives don't always come with the best of instructions.
First thing you'll want to do is go to your desktop and double click on the My Computer icon. Now you can see the “Drive Letter that has been assigned to Your Flash Drive ”. Depending on how your computer is setup and how many Rom's you have, meaning C: = Hard Drive. E: or F: = CD or DVD – (Floppy Disk.?) Your USB Flash Drive will be assigned a Number labeled as "Removable", possibly G:, H:. If you use Windows XP or Vista , you don't need any drivers to get the flash drive up and running.
Just plug it into one of your available USB ports and your computer will automatically recognize it. If you use an older version of Windows, you may need to install the driver CD that comes with your Flash Drive.
Watch for the "Found New Hardware" bubble will pop up in the bottom right hand corner of your desktop. Make sure you have your eye on the My Computer window and when you plug your flash drive in, look there to see where the flash drive goes. Once you find the correct drive letter, double click on it and you should see an empty window. You can then go and find the files you want to save to your flash drive and just Drag & Drop or Copy & Paste them into your Flash Drive. When you are done, Click the Icon in the Tool Tray, this opens a bubble which you Click to make you Flash Drive Safe to Remove.
Your Done.


Need more Info. or have a question on another computer problem? Contact Us

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Outlook Express E-mail Groups

Do you send jokes, e-mails to the same people? Here's a tip to make it easier.

Setup folder's for Groups that you e-mail frequently so you do not have to add each address one at a time.

These folders can be for co-workers, family, friends, adult jokes etc.

Here's how:

Open your address book and click NEW and then click GROUP.

Type the name you want to call this group in the window that appears. All recipients will see this name, so name the Group properly.

Now just add the names and e-mail address of the people for your group. You can add and delete when needed.

* Most e-mail programs have similar folder & groups. Check your Yahoo - G-mail or Hotmail to see how you can apply this Handy Tip.

Group E-mail - CC = Carbon Copy and BCC= Blind Carbon Copy

Like most programs on your computer, your E-mail can be set up to be more efficient.

Taking a little time to learn and setting up programs for your needs will save you time in the long run.

You E-mail can be setup to save time and make sure you have not forgotten someone.

I made a group entitled "Gamers & Lamers" and I put my buddies e-mail addresses in that group, when I create my e-mail, all that would show in the To: line would be "Gamers & Lamers." If your e-mail program handles groups this way, you don't even really need to worry about the BCC option, because the addresses are safe from each other as it is.

Tip from E-Mail-Netiquette

To:  Everyone can see the other peoples address's. 
CC: Carbon Copy, and can see other peoples address's. 
BCC:  Blind Carbon Copy, can not see other peoples address's 
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Child Proofing Your Computer

You can easily set your computer so that children have access only to appropriate Internet Pages.

1. Open Internet Explorer, click the Tools menu, then click Internet Options.

2. Click the Content tab. You'll see a "Content Advisor" area. Click the Enable button.

3. You'll get a tabbed screen security options. The first tab is "Ratings" and it's the first step in the process.

It will filter out sites that have an "Recreational Software Advisory Council" rating that doesn't match your preferences, but it will also filter out an site that simply has no rating at all.

4. The next tab is called "Approved Sites" and it's the solution for letting your kids get to sites that do not have an RA RASC rating yet. You can set this up in one of two ways.

5. OK, here's the last critical step - setting up a password. Click the General Tab and you'll see the password setup
under the "Supervisor Password" area. Click the button and set it up.

Also, if kids will not be using the computer, you can easily disable it. Just go back to the content tab and click the " Disable" button in the "Content Advisor" area. That way, you're not getting prompted on every unrated page you visit.

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Copy & Paste

  • This was and still maybe the best thing I have learned for all around use on the computer.
    What a time saver it is to be able to Copy Text or Photo's. Most of you know that you can Copy & Paste by holding the left mouse button
    down and dragging it across the text you want copied.( it will be highlighted in blue) ..Then,by right clicking the mouse and select copy. Place your cursor where you want to paste and click right on the mouse and select paste.

    But now an even easier way!

  • Highlight the Text by holding the left mouse button down and drag across desired text, with your left pinky hold down hold "Ctrl" ( control) and with your left pointer finger push "c" ( this will copy). To Paste you will use your left pinky on "Ctrl" and with your left pointer finger push "v" to paste.
    You can also cut (remove the text being copied) by holding the “Ctrl” with your left pinky and with your left pointer push X.

  • Pinky on “Ctrl” and Pointer on:
    X = cut
    C = copy
    V = paste

E-mail - Netiquette

You wouldn't freely share friends' phone numbers or home address with the world, so don't publish their e-mail addresses for all to see.

When you are forwarding any e-mail delete the senders e-mail address, do not send peoples e-mail address for all the world to see.

When sending a e-mail to many people who might not know each other,

use the blind carbon copy (bcc:) features of your e-mail program rather than the carbon copy (cc:) function.

blind carbon copy (bcc:) does not show any other address. carbon copy (cc:) shows all other address.
By doing this, no e-mail addresses will be inadvertently revealed.


How To Use BCC:

Getting cards and photos from friends via e-mail attachments can be great fun.
What's not so great is when people send a card to you but then "cc:" (carbon copy) one hundred of their other friends on the
same message. You see everyone else's e-mail address and they see yours. This may not be so bad unless the e-mail gets forwarded to a spammer who then adds your e-mail address to his spamming list and/or sells it to other spammers.

The correct method of sending a e-mail to your friends and family is to use the "bcc:" (blind carbon copy) feature. It's found on all commonly used e-mail software programs. This function hides the e- mail addresses of all recipients of your e-mail.

Sending BCC: Messages in Outlook

Open Outlook Express and click on the "NEW" button located at the top of the program's toolbar. If the "bcc:" (Blind Carbon Copy) header is not visible, go to the View menu and select "ALL HEADERS." The "bcc:" header and field should appear under the "cc:" header and above the "Subject"
header.
Click your cursor arrow on the "Bcc:" button and the Select Recipients window will appear. Select one of the contacts or one of the groups by clicking on its name and then click on the "Bcc:" button. Do this for as many contacts or groups as you want to receive the e-mail. Then click "OK" to
go back to your message.
You will notice that the names of the groups or recipients are now in the "Bcc:" field. Enter a subject, compose your message, and click the "Send" button on the toolbar. That's all there is to it. Since you used the "Bcc:" header, no one receiving your message will be able to see anyone
else's e-mail address.

Sending BCC: Messages in Yahoo mail

Click on compose to start a new e-mail. When you click on TO to add a recipients just check the box under Bcc instead of TO next to the contact you want to e-mail.
If typing in an address just type it in the Bcc row instead of the To. The Bcc row should be under the To row.

If the Bcc row is not shown click on Add Bcc above the To row.

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Mouse Tricks

Close a Window
You know how to close a window by clicking the red X in the upper right corner. You can also do the same by Double-clicking with the left mouse button on the top left icon in any window will close that window.


Shift and Spin
Try this when web surfing, hold down the Shift key and Spin the wheel on your mouse. Internet Explorer goes either backward or forward through the pages you've recently visited, depending on which direction you spin.

Drag & Drop
Multiple open windows are perfect for drag and drop routines. You can drag just about anything, just about anywhere - into, out of, or within a file list window, common dialog box, and the desktop itself. Dragging with the left mouse button produces different effects, depending on whether or not you hold down CTRL or SHIFT. To move one or more items to a new location on the same drive, you simply drag and drop; to copy them, drag while holding down CTRL. To move items from one drive to another, you have to hold down SHIFT as you drag; to copy, you just drag.

Ctrl and Spin
If you are in a Web browser or reading an e-mail in Outlook Express, hold down your Ctrl key and spin your mouse wheel. This makes the text larger or smaller depending on which way you spin.

Curse & point
Always try to watch for changes your pointer makes. This tells what you can do with your mouse. When you see a double-ended arrow, it means that you can hold down the left button and make something bigger or smaller. A blinking cursor means you need to type something. An "I" means you can move the mouse around in text and click the left button to give you a blinking cursor in a different place. A regular pointer means you can select something.

Learn to RELAX! Hold the mouse casually and click in a relaxed manner.
It is a good idea to take a break and stretch.
When gaming remember to Breath……..

Please let us know if you have any thought's, idea's, or corrections. Ungersweb

Tips for Buying a Printer

Ask the sales person to do a quick test print for you so you will be able to see exactly how your printer will act and also how it will sound.
Some printers make to much noise.

Some printers make to much noise. How easy is it to install this printer on my computer?
Some printers can be more difficult than others and
you can save yourself some hassle by asking.
Most printers just come with a CD kit and you just have to walk through the process with a wizard, but make sure that is all you're getting yourself into.

What type of ink cartridge does the printer take?
You'll want to ask about black and color ink cartridges. Check on the cost of refills. How easy is the installation and check availability?

Does the printer handle different types of paper?
Check and see if the printer can handle things like envelopes, cards or other types of paper that you might use.

Also, ask how much paper the printer is able to hold at one time.

You don't want to be constantly refilling the paper and you don't want to run into any paper jams.

Durability: A standard printer will be fine for most people, but if you're going to be printing in high volume, you may need something a little more advanced

Basically comes down to how much you're going to be printing.

If you're going to be printing a lot during the day, you might as well just keep the printer on until you're completely finished. If you're just going to print one item and then not print for a several days, turn it off.

The reasons for this are the electricity usage and ink cartridge print heads drying out. The bigger issue here may be the drying of the print heads, because printers really don't use that much electricity.

Most ink cartridges have some sort of a capping mechanism that saves the head from any outside air that may come through when the printer is turned off. If you leave the printer turned on all day when you're not using it, you're just setting yourself up to have to buy another cartridge much sooner than you would normally have to. If your print heads dry up, your printing quality will be poor as well, depending on your brand and model.

Make sure you always turn your printer off by the On/Off button and not by flipping your power strip device. When you use the On/Off button, the capping mechanism that I mentioned above will fully engage and do its job correctly. Otherwise, it won't and your cartridge will still be at risk for drying out.

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Thrifty Printing Tips

You can spent a little or a lot for a printer and that is only the start of the expenses.
Ink-Toner-Paper all cost money, using the printer for address stickers, envelopes, pictures, tee shirts decals and many other printable's will be cost effective. How much and what you print will of course determine your cost. 8x10 photo's on good glossy paper will never be cheap, but once you learn how (not wasting ink & paper) you can do quality printing from your home or office.
*Glossy paper does not absorb as much ink or toners.
*Research before you Buy, get the right printer for your Needs.
*How much is the replacement cartridge.
*Does the printer come with all cables needed?
Multi packs of inks, which can knock a few dollars off the price per cartridge. The standard-capacity black ink for Dell's $79 J740 ink jet, for instance costs $30 alone; a two-pack is $56.
Set your printer properties for gray instead of black. This work great for documents or non-important paper work. You can also adjust the color to your needs. You can buy less or more expensive color cartridges for the range of color needed.
*shop or compare prices (for printers & cartridges) by going online or calling your local retailer.
Keep a variety of paper on hand. Heavy bright white cost more, so use it for special jobs. use cheaper paper for every day uses.
You may also want to buy the ink-toners and paper in bulk to save money
If you use a program such as Microsoft Word you can set the page scaling to squeeze more words on to each page, smaller font helps as well.
*Duplexing - You can print on both sides of the paper to save on the paper.
There are also some utility program that can help get more for your money, and then again they cost around $50.Printer utility program do more then save on ink & paper they also layouts for brochures, calendars, greeting cards, business cards, and more. It is also another program that you will need to learn.

Ask your friends what they use, go on-line and check the reviews. PC World Magazine has good reviews or go to PCWorld.com

Data Recovery

Most everyone with a computer will have an old disks or two laying around with important stuff on them?

Your new computer doesn't even have a floppy drive, what can you do?

Find a friend with a floppy drive and put the Info. onto a flash drive ( memory stick), then from the memory stick reinstall back into your own computer.

In many cases, the info on the disk(s) seems like it's inaccessible with newer machines. Maybe the software that created it is no longer in existence, or it's just an odd ball format. So, is there any way to transfer your files from old floppies to your new machine? Here is some help.

The first thing I try with an old, unknown file format is to open it with Notepad (assuming it's a document and not a picture or something). You'd be surprised how often that little trick works.

If that doesn't work, sometimes MS Word or Corel WordPerfect may have the ability to open the file.

Note that with both of the above document opening tricks, you'll need to select " All files " from the File of type drop box on the Open screen. If you don't, you probably won't be able to access the file you're trying to open at all.

If the file is a database, this can be harder. Your best bet, believe it or not, may be a spreadsheet program like Excel (or some similar program).

You see, most older (and many newer) databases are in a basic text separated format (the values between fields are separated by commas, spaces or tabs with one record per line). Excel and most other spreadsheet programs can handle these types of files with ease. Again, you'll need to select " All files " from the Open screen's Files of type drop box in order to try this.

Of course, if you have a good database program, it may be able to open the file for you. MS Access can open just about any database file, if you're lucky enough to have access to Access.

Note that if you are successful in getting your file to open, you will probably have to "clean" it up a bit before it's useful again (sometimes the formatting is not quite what it should be). Once it's set though, be sure to re-save it in a current format :-)

Finally, if all else fails, go online an search for a program that matches what you want to open.

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Files & Documents

  • Microsoft Windows 2000 introduced a new place to store your documents — the My Documents folder.

  • Microsoft Windows XP carries on the My Documents tradition. The integration of the My Documents folder into the Windows interface is a major advantage to using My Documents rather than another folder structure.

    As handy as My Documents is, you can make it even better. Read on to learn how.

    Organize My Documents by using sub folders

    If you dump all of your documents into the My Documents folder without any additional organization, you'll eventually lose most of the benefit that this folder gives you. Instead, add sub folders to My Documents that you can use to organize your documents.

    Take into account the way that you work to decide what types of folders to create. For example, if you work on projects for several clients, consider creating a sub folder for each client. Or you might organize My Documents along more general lines. For example, a teacher might use sub folders named Lesson Plans, Tests, Grade Sheets, Syllabi, and so on, to organize My Documents. Each of those sub folders could have sub folders of its own to further organize documents.

    Whatever folder scheme you choose, creating folders is easy:

    •  On the Start menu or on your desktop, click My Documents to open the My Documents folder.

    •  In My Documents, right-click a blank area in a folder window, point to New , and then click Folder .

    •  Type a new name for the folder, and then click outside the text field.

    This can be very useful in the My Pictures directory. To keep pictures organized and easy to find I use the system show below. Setting up folders for each year and for each event. Then naming the picture by date, who or what is in it and where it was taken. By naming them this way, you can do a search for a person, place or date to find certain pictures. So anything else you may want to search for later pull in the file name. Take the time to Name the Files and Folder while loading them, this will be a BIG HELP when you need to find them.

How to Set the My Documents Folder to Private

1. On the Start menu, right-click My Documents, and then click Properties.
2. Click the Sharing tab, and then click to select the Make this folder private so that only I have access to it check box.
3. Click Apply, and then click OK.

PC Terminology

AGP: Newer type of connection for Video cards
Application: Software that runs on your PC IE Word, Internet Explorer.
BIOS Also CMOS or Firmware: Basic Input Output Software-software used at the motherboard level.
Boot up: Start up or load the Operating System
Data Bus: A common group of connections for passing data
CPU: The 'brain' of the PC, makes very fast, simple calculations
CPU Cooler or Heat sink: Metal 'fins' with a fan attached to disperse heat generated by the CPU
DDR: New, high-speed type of memory
DIMM: Older type of memory
Drive Bay or Bay: An area inside the PC Case for installing a drive
Ergonomic: Designed to reduce injury as a result of constant use
FDD: Floppy Disk Drive Stores information on a portable diskette
FSB: Main data connection to the CPU.
Hardware: Physical devices such as motherboard, keyboard, mouse, FDD, HDD etc.
HDD: Hard Disk Drive Device which stores information on a semi-permanent basis
IDE: A standard of data transfer cable type used on CD, HDD etc..
Internet: Global computer network, commonly accessed via a Modem
ISA: An older style of adapter card connection
Jumper: Small plastic/wire 'cap' used to electrically connect pins for
configuration
LCD: Fluid, trapped between two surfaces (usually glass) changes it's
opacity when electrically stimulated
Master: Indicates that the device has 'priority' over the slave device
Memory: Temporary store of information
Motherboard: Forms the 'body' of the PC to which all parts connect
Operating System: Fundamental software which controls the whole system EI Windows, Linux, OS etc..
PATA: A standard of data transfer cable type used on CD, HDD etc..
PC: Personal Computer
PC Case: Plastic/metal case to mount PC components/devices
PCI: Connection standard for adapter cards- Video card, Ethernet cards etc..
Peripherals: see Hardware
PS2: Newer compatibility standard
PSU: Power Supply Unit - Supplies power to devices as required and helps to keep the PC cool
RAM: Type of memory used on modern PC systems
RIMM: New type of memory, not very common
SATA: New connection standard intended to replace IDE
SCSI: High speed data transfer system cable
SDRAM: Standard type of memory
Serial: Connection standard for mice and other devices
Sleep Mode: Minimize PC power usage while not being used
Software: Programs/Application that run on a computer such as games or office packages
Standby: Minimize PC power usage while not being used
Static Electricity: Naturally-occurring high voltages, very damaging to some kinds of electronics
USB: Method of connecting many compatible devices to a PC
VGA: A standard by which all PC video cards are compatible
Video Card: Provides the output to display a picture on the Monitor
ViVo: A video card feature, allowing video capture (video in) or output to a TV or Video recorder etc.

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Windows XP

Windows XP is simple, reliable, and extensible. It has served many hundreds of thousands well for many, many years. It serves as a vehicle for businesses to prosper, people to have fun, and students (of all ages) to learn.

1. Less Crashing. One of the best improvements in XP -- it's much more crash proof than earlier versions of Windows. After using it for several months for various tasks, it locked up twice (mainly due to my experimentation with power saving settings).
Compare this to Windows Me run on the same computer, which would lock up at least once or twice a week.
2. Faster Internet Performance. The Professional series of Windows has always operated faster on the Internet than the consumer series of Windows. <Remember that Windows XP is a souped up version of Windows 2000>.
Windows XP is much more robust on the Internet than Windows Me e.g. Windows XP download files about 2-4 times faster over DSL.
When I upgraded Windows Me to Internet Explorer 6, the difference was not as extreme.
3. Better Photo Handling and Printing. Windows XP has very nice photo managing and printing utilities. If you buy Windows XP you will no longer need your photo managing software unless you want to do touch ups or effects.
The Windows XP photo printing utilities will let you choose pictures to print and then it lets you lay them out on the page. It is very straightforward and your biggest decision is to tell it what quality you desire and the type of paper you are using.
4. Hibernate/Game Saving Mode. Windows XP has a great little feature called "hibernate". Hibernate saves the state of your desktop before it shuts down your computer.
When the computer is rebooted it bypasses the normal startup and loads your computer's hibernate save into memory. Presto! Your desktop is just the same as when you saved it with all programs running!
Microsoft calls Hibernate a power saving feature, however I think this is a great game saving feature. Anytime you want to stop playing a game and resume playing exactly where you left off, put your computer into hibernate mode by popping out to your desktop and select Start/Shutdown then press "Shift". This will change "Stand By" on the shutdown menu to "Hibernate". Select "Hibernate" and your computer saves your desktop to C:\hiberfill.sys then shuts down.
Note: You must have power saving features turned on in your BIOS and in Windows XP to use the hibernate function.
5. Treats a CD-RW like a real drive. You can put a blank CD-R in the drive, drag a file onto your CD-RW icon, and Windows XP will write the file to the CD-R disk. Finally an easy way to copy multiple files to a CD-RW! No more formatting CD-RWs.
6. System Restore. Originally appeared in Windows Me (sold commercially as GoBack). It is basically a Windows Registry saver and restorer. Used correctly you can restore your Windows Registry to an earlier "working version".
I highly recommend using this feature especially when you are changing network settings. It isn't much fun to bring a whole network down due to bad or corrupt network settings.
7. Registration. Originally, I thought this was a bad thing because it was a pain. Now I think it might be a good thing.
I can't help but think that we all have a vastly improved product (Windows XP) which should really cost twice as much. Registration helps keep pirating down which lowers the price of the software. Lower prices are a good thing!

The Not-So-Good Things About Windows XP
1. Compatibility Issues. Some of your hardware and software may not work with Windows XP.
Hardware and software that is compatible with Windows 2000 has a very good chance of working with Windows XP.
Many games do not run under Windows XP and some of your older peripherals will not work with Windows XP. There have been complaints about print drivers not working or not available for Windows XP.
Windows XP does have a "compatibility mode" for running older programs, but I haven't tried it as I run all misbehaving software on the Windows Me side of my computer (remember I dual-boot so I can run either Windows Me or Windows XP).

2. You need a Robust Computer to Run It. A 2 or 3 year old computer that uses Windows 95 or Windows 98, probably will require upgrading to use Windows XP. <The recommended requirements to run Windows XP include 128 MB of RAM and 1.5 GB of free hard drive space.>
The older your hardware and software, the more compatibility issues you will have. For older computers you would be much happier keeping your current version of Windows until you retire it.
3. Networking with Non-Windows XP Computers. Networking Windows XP computers is much improved, however it's still a challenge to network Windows XP computers with older Windows computers.
4. Registration. Changed to a good thing.

Windows Vista

Good Reasons to Switch to Windows 7
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Windows 7

Remember Vista? We know most of you don't want to, and that's because the OS fell short of many consumers'.
You complained, you demanded, and in response Microsoft slapped something together to ship October 22. The result? The overall presentation of Windows 7 is familiar enough to welcome XP users, but fundamentally it's different enough to make you change the way you think of Microsoft.


Upgrading Won't Screw You Over
Microsoft has its loyal fans in mind, including those clinging for dear life to XP. The tech giant promises that Windows 7 has been coded to support almost every piece of software that runs on your XP system. If, in the rare case one of your XP programs doesn't work on Windows 7, you can still run it in a virtual environment called XP Mode. What's especially cool about this mode is you won't have to toggle between an XP emulator and Windows 7. The apps running in XP Mode appear like ordinary windows that are part of Windows 7.
Also, the Windows 7 upgrade Advisor may appear intimidating and confusing, but prior to release Microsoft plans to release a compatibility checker that will automatically scan your system to tell you which version of Windows 7 is for you.


Automatically Installed Device Drivers
This is only a minor improvement, but it addresses a major pain in the ass in earlier versions of Windows. Who has time to scour the internet for a device driver to work with hardware such as a video card or an external hard drive? Life is too short for that garbage work, and fortunately Windows 7 does this chore for you. Plug in a new piece of hardware, and the OS will find and install the driver for you. XP has this feature, sort of, but it works better in Vista and much better in Windows 7. No more of those annoying yellow question marks. Good riddance.


Piracy
We know there are plenty of you out there downloading pirated digital booty, especially in Windows land. But it's never been convenient to be a pirate compared with being a paying customer. For example, if you're a legitimate buyer purchasing movies off iTunes, you can easily stream your media to your legitimately purchased Apple TV. If you're a pirate, you'd have to go through roundabout programs and hardware to re-create the experience.
Windows 7 is an OS practically made for pirates. Want to display your movies, photos or music on your TV? Bam! Windows Media Player will do that out of the box if you have a Wi-Fi enabled TV, or an Xbox. No extra programs to install: Windows Media Player seamlessly communicates with your Wi-Fi device to display your illegal content in all its glory on your fancy HD TV.
And sharing media is easy, too. Want to download all of your brother's music? Bam! HomeGroup, an easy networking feature included in Windows 7, will make that super easy between computers running the OS. Immediately upon plugging in to your network with Ethernet or Wi-Fi, HomeGroup will ask if you wish to join the group on the network, allowing you to set up easy file sharing in minutes.

A Better Interface

The new Aero features, which we covered in our Windows 7 first look, will change the way you interact with your computer. Aero Peek will prove the most useful: The feature displays outlines of all your open windows behind your active window. Each outlined box contains a thumbnail previewing its corresponding window to help you choose.
Another feature, Aero Snap, makes it easier to resize and tile windows to fit the available space. (Read more about Aero Snap and Aero Peek.)
Words aren't enough. You really have to try the OS to understand why these UI enhancements are a big deal. We get the idea that the people dismissing Windows 7 haven't yet tinkered with it, and we highly encourage you to download the release candidate and give it a test drive. But do it now: The download is only available until August 20.


More Advanced Hardware Support
Technology evolves faster than living organisms, and Windows 7 is also designed to work well with upcoming hardware. Touchscreens are getting more popular in the mainstream (thanks largely to the iPhone), and sure enough Windows 7 includes multitouch support..
If you're not interested in touchscreens, think multiple processor cores. At some point when multicore computers are more widely available, affordable and energy efficient, an eight-year-old OS like Windows XP isn't going to know what to do with all that extra processing power. Microsoft has already hinted that Windows 7 will scale to 256 processors. That's more than enough, but you get the picture: This is a new operating system designed for newer systems. You're going to need to upgrade eventually, so why not do it now, so you can get a good feel for the OS, rather than later?
The 64-bit version of Windows 7 can handle bigger system memory, too, scaling up to 192 GB of RAM, compared to the 4-GB limit for the 32-bit versions of Windows XP and Windows 7, and 128 GB for the less common 64-bit edition of Windows XP.
Oh, yeah, speaking of new devices — Windows 7 is tweaked to better suit those trendy netbooks, too. These puny devices are low-powered and thus limited in performance, and Windows 7 will run better on them thanks to its improved memory management. For example, Windows XP allocated video memory for unseen windows, but Windows 7 does not. It uses video memory only for visible windows. That equates to a more responsive netbook with longer battery life.


It Looks Sexier
A superficial reason, we know, but we've become so intimate with our gadgets that their looks are important, too. Windows 7 will make your new PC look new, unlike the boring-as-vanilla UI of Windows XP. Extra detail, polish, gradients and a UI that will clear your desktop of clutter should all make Windows 7 a more attractive choice.

Did you know that Windows 7 comes with a record designed as a diagnostic tool ? Learn More

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Windows 8

The Windows 8 Consumer Preview will launch on February 2012 at the annual Mobile World Congress. That makes clear that Windows 8 has everything to do with tablets and phones, and less to do with the desktop.
Windows 8, because the big-tiled Metro was so much more visually appealing than the traditional Desktop, with a more intriguing feature set. It's clear that Metro is the future of Windows, and the Desktop the past.
A look at the just-released Developer Preview of Windows reveals an operating system poised halfway between yesterday's desktop and tomorrow's touch-screen interface. On a PC the Operating System seems built more for tablets and mobile devices than traditional computers, Overall, the experience is aesthetically appealing, but when run on a PC, Windows 8 feels to a certain extent like two different operating systems bolted together -- one for mobile and one for traditional computers.
Ungersweb is staying with Windows 7 on our PC's for now. Windows 7 works great and it is paid for.

 

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Windows 7 - Windows Live Mail

If you click an email link and get a default email program not installed, message
there is an easy fix. When you click a link Windows checks to see what program opens it. In this case an email program. If there one is not installed you will get a message. Unlike Outlook Express & Outlook which came as an installed program, you just had to set it up.
                Microsoft decided not to include an e-mail program with windows 7. However, you can download a free email program from Microsoft at http://explore.live.com/windows-live-essentials?os=other . The email program is part of the live essentials suite. It is the latest version of email that was Outlook and Outlook Express.
                Microsoft live essentials 2011 has many program you can choose to install besides email there is a photo viewer, video editor and more.

Use the link above and download and install at latest the mail program to fix this issue. They have made the install/setup a lot easier than with earlier e-mail programs. The settings are automatic so you do not have to contact you internet service provider.

Another thing to know is that your address book from Outlook and Outlook Express will not import as they did with Outlook and Outlook Express, so we suggest that you look online and find some help. we are researching this ourself's at this time.If you have a sure fire way to transfer the address's, Please let us know.

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Scams & Trickery

It is up to you to do your Home Work & Research. take a few mintues to check the internet before doing something you will be sorry for.

TOO GOOD TO BE TRUE?
The Phone Scam: Do not dial area code 809, 284, or 876 from the U.S. or Canada. You will be billed a ridiculous amount of money.
Nigerian 419: Dont do it! It is reported that Billions, YES Billions of dollars have been lost to this Scam.
PayPal: We use and like PayPal, but beware of the Reverse PayPal Scam. This happens when you are selling goods online. The scammers will usually respond to the ad, stating that they are interested in the product that is being sold and that the product will be sent to a friend or family member within the U.S. Many times these scammers are people from a foreign country who are promising to pay more money than what the seller asked for in the first place. After shipping the item and after the seller pays, you’ll realize that soon enough, PayPal has taken the money from your account, and that you’re out of the item you were trying to sell. Many times the “buyer” will contact PayPal saying that they never received the item, or in even worse cases, the scammer will be using a fake PayPal address or a stolen account.
Work at Home Schemes: Not all Work at Home Jobs are Schemes, but do your research before you join. 10 mintues of searching may save you money and Headache.
"FREE" Trail: While many do get the free product they were promised, the scam starts when you have to provide your banking information to pay for shipping and handling fees. With the information you provide, the company can then charge you each month for not canceling your free trial. Usually the cancellation notice is in a very fine print that most people pay no attention to. However, after not canceling your free trial within 15 or 30 days, your debit or credit card is billed monthly. Sometimes even after canceling, the company who has your banking information will sell it to an affiliate company who can then use it as they please.
Fake Auctions / Sales: eBay, danslist & Craigslist are not the problem, they run legitimate web sites. But the scammers create an ad or auction on a website, stating that he has a certain item for sale, usually something that is pretty expensive to begin with, for a very low price. The scammer knows that people will jump all over this “deal,” without even stopping to think that it could be fake and just a luring act for money. Plenty of people fall for it, making this particular scam a huge success.
Travel Vacation Scams: Unknowing consumers will seek out a vacation deal, usually one that is seriously too good to even begin to believe. Something like a trip to Disney, all expenses paid, you just give us a few hundred dollars. Who would believe that? Sadly, some people do. These scams aren't as popular as before, as people have smartened up, but at the same time they're also on the rise, as more and more people are looking for ways to continue their normal lifestyles, and that usually comes in the form of saving money and attempting to find any type of deal that may be out there to enjoy.
Rogue Software: Suddenly apop-up says that your computer if infected with viruses and worms and needs to be cleaned ASAP? This is another popular scam today as many people will fall for the pop-up and then download the rogue software, usually software that looks like it is legitimate anti-virus software that promises to clean your computer of all of the viruses. Though many times this rogue software is free, there are times when the program does cost money, and people do fall for it. While many people generally aren't out of money with this scam, their computer is infected with even more viruses, Trojans, worms, and other things that can not only ruin the computer, but can have their private information exposed to the scammers. If this happens, close everything and run your own anti-virus programs.
OnLine Dating: Meet in a public place. never send money and do not give out personal info. like your home address.
Disaster Relief / Donations: Just like all the Scams and Schemes above, do some research. It only takes a few to find out if it is a reliable organization. More Info.
Foreign Lottery: These scams target people with the promise of millions of dollars, which will be deposited into their bank accounts after completing a few easy steps. However, the catch is that you must pay thousands of dollars ahead of time before you receive your promised millions.
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Browse In Private

A new feature in IE8 / IE9 is the ability to open the browser in an InPrivate Browsing session that allows you to perform banking and so forth from a public location without fear of leaving behind any residue. IE will not retain anything you do in an In­Private Browsing session. You can perform this action if you are already within IE by selecting the Safety button and then InPrivate Browsing. This will open another IE window altogether. However, you can save a few steps by using the shortcut. Right-click the desktop IE icon, click InPrivate and the windows will open in an InPrivate session already.

http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/2009.10.77windows.aspx

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Please let us know if you have any thought's, idea's, or corrections. Ungersweb

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